iron ore fines and nickel ore by dr martin jonas brookes bell liverpool. (see figure 1). this suddenly reduces the friction between particles and thus the shear strength of the cargo. the effect of this process is a transition from a solid state to a viscous fluid state in which all or part of the cargo can flatten out to form a fluid surface.
bulk carriers have been facing the issue of liquefaction for a long time with the loss of some ships being attributed to liquefaction of iron ore exported from india. however strong government measures seem to have reduced the dangers substantially in that sector (though some concerns persist.)in recent times the majority of liquefaction incidents relate to nickel ore cargoes being exported
nickel ore a high-risk group a cargo in the international maritime solid bulk cargoes code is notoriously known to be highly susceptible to liquefaction that is when a dry cargo becomes fluid
shifting ice and economy in greenland. iron ore tungsten nickel copper and others -- more accessible. it's not yet known when the htv-8 cargo ship will be launched to the international linkedin buys online talent and recruiting platform careerify
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liquefaction risks of nickel ore cargoes from indonesia and the philippines have been a long-standing prominent issue which require constant vigilance and review by shipowners and charterers. since 2010 the liquefaction of nickel ore cargoes has caused the capsize of seven vessels.
nickel ore liquefaction – recent skuld experience. we recently had a nickel ore liquefication issue on an entered vessel. she loaded nickel ore in the philippines and two days later cargo liquefication occurred when facing a tropical storm. the master reported that the cargo in holds number 1 and 2 had liquefied and the depth of the
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nickel ore liquefaction has a direct correlation between the parameters of moisture content (mc) within the cargo and the response motion of the ship steering through its encountering weather condition at seas.